TREES

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Native Trees

Native trees can provide shelter, wind breaks, soil stabilization, food, and  shade, 

Abies grandis
Abies grandis

GRAND FIR This large, but graceful conifer is easily distinguished from other firs, as the needles grow in two distinct rows.

Acer circinatum
Acer circinatum

VINE MAPLE Known as a small deciduous tree or large shrub. Excellent fall colour and compact growth when grown in full sun.

Acer glabrum
Acer glabrum

DOUGLAS MAPLE Hardy deciduous tree. Displays bright yellow fall colour. Prefers well draining soil.

Acer macrophyllum
Acer macrophyllum

Bigleaf Maple Large, quick growing, deciduous maple. Very large leaves, great for shade. Tolerates moist to dry soil conditions.

Alnus rubra
Alnus rubra

RED ALDER Quick-growing deciduous tree that grows well under moist conditions. This is a nitrogen fixing tree.

Betula papyrifera
Betula papyrifera

PAPER BIRCH Large deciduous tree with strips of white peeling bark provides winter interest. Quick growing, prefers moist but well draining soil.

Chamaecyparis nootkatensis
Chamaecyparis nootkatensis

YELLOW CEDAR Large, evergreen grows up to 50M tall. WEEPING

Corylus cornuta
Corylus cornuta

BEAKED HAZELNUT Small, deciduous multi-branching tree. Requires well draining soils.

Crataegus douglasii
Crataegus douglasii

BLACK HAWTHORN Deciduous tree with 3cm long thorns. Small white flowers in spring followed by clusters of red-purple berries enjoyed by birds.

Fraxinus latifolia
Fraxinus latifolia

OREGON ASH

Malus fusca
Malus fusca

PACIFIC CRABAPPLE Deciduous tree with showy fragrant pink-white blossoms, followed by reddish fruits in fall. Fruits are edible, but tart in taste.

Quercus garryana
Quercus garryana

GARRY OAK Slow growing deciduous tree. A threatened species. Perfers open areas and well draining soil.

Sitka
Sitka

SITKA SPRUCE Blueish needles, this evergreen grows very large. Tolerates a wide range of soils, but doesn't tolerate shade well.

Pinus contorta contorta
Pinus contorta contorta

SHORE PINE This native evergreen found from Washington-Alaska usually on exposed rocky slops near the coast. It grows in a contorted or bent manner.

Populus tremuloides
Populus tremuloides

TREMBLING ASPEN Fast growing, hardy deciduous tree. Provides habitat for a variety of wildlife. Good choice to protect against soil erosion.

Populus trichocarpa
Populus trichocarpa

BLACK COTTONWOOD This fast growing pioneer species is commonly found growing along waterways in a variety of soil conditions.

Prunus virginiana
Prunus virginiana

CHOKECHERRY Deciduous tree, produces small red-black bitter tasting cherries that birds enjoy.

Pseudotsuga menziesii
Pseudotsuga menziesii

DOUGLAS-FIR Large, fast growing coniferous tree. Most commonly grown as a Christmas Tree.

Thuja plicata
Thuja plicata

WESTERN RED CEDAR

Tsuga heterphylla
Tsuga heterphylla

WESTERN HEMLOCK